CPR as a Step to Save Someone's Life
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Cessation of blood flow or breathing can trigger brain damage to death. In a matter of 8 to 10 minutes, a person can lose his life if not given first aid. If you are in a situation like this the first aid you should do is perform CPR.
CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation) or commonly known as RPJ (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation) is a first aid effort, for someone unable to breathe or experiencing cardiac arrest due to something, such as drowning or a heart attack.
Performing first aid with CPR is the most appropriate step in saving a person's life. Usually what will happen if someone has a heart attack, or drowns is the cessation of blood flow and oxygen to the brain. CPR activities are activities that help keep blood and oxygen flowing to the brain.
Here are some things to consider before performing CPR on someone
1. Check the Security Around the Site
Make sure the location around the unconscious person is safe. Make room for the person, so he can get oxygen.
2. Check Consciousness
Check the level of consciousness of the person to be helped by trying to ask the person's name in a loud enough voice, or gently shaking the person's body. If the person is still responding, try to keep the victim conscious until help arrives. But still check his breathing, pulse, and level of consciousness.
3. Breathing Evaluation
Make sure the victim is still breathing normally, by seeing if the chest is still moving up and down. Next, bring your ear to your mouth and count the victim to hear whether the victim is still breathing or not.
4. Check Pulse
Make sure the victim's heart is still beating by checking the pulse on the victim's wrist or checking the pulse on the side of his neck.
5. Quickly Call for Medical Help
If the victim who wants to be helped responds or is unconscious, immediately contact the medical staff at 112 or the nearest hospital. Then do CPR until medical help arrives.
How to do CPR
Usually, CPR can be done by experts who have been trained, but we can also do it as long as we know how to do CPR. The CPR technique is divided into three stages and is commonly known as C-A-B (Compression, Airways, Breathing).
The following is an explanation of the stages of giving CPR to an unconscious adult
Compression (Chest Compression Stage)
If there is a victim who is unconscious and his heart rate is not detected, the first step in CPR can be done with chest compressions. Here's how to do it.
• Lie down on the victim's body on a hard, flat surface, then position yourself on your knees beside the victim's neck or shoulders.
• Place one palm of your hand in the centre of the patient's chest between the breasts.
• Place the palm of your other hand on top of your first hand, making sure that your elbow is straight, and that your shoulder is directly above your hand.
• Press the victim's chest at least 100-120 times per minute, at a rate of 1-2 pressures per second.
• When pressing, use upper body strength. Don't just use arm strength so that the pressure generated is stronger.
Check for signs of the patient breathing or showing a response. If not, you can continue the chest compressions process until medical personnel arrive or start trying to open the victim's airway to give artificial respiration.
Airways (Opens the Breathing Path)
This action is usually done after the compression stage. To open the victim's airway, you can try to raise the victim's head, and then place your hand on his forehead. Then slowly lift the patient's chin to open the airway from the lungs.
Breathing (Artificial Mouth To Mouth Breathing)
After securing the victim's airway, you can start giving rescue breaths. However, this step is only done if you have been trained.
Giving artificial respiration can be done from mouth to mouth or mouth to nose. Especially if the victim's mouth is badly injured or cannot open. How to give artificial respiration is as follows:
• Pinch the victim's nose, then place your mouth against the victim's mouth.
• Give two breaths of air from your mouth while seeing if the victim's chest rises like someone is breathing or not. If not, try to correct the position of the victim's neck or check again if there is an obstruction in the airway.
• Repeat the chest compressions 30 times followed by 2 rescue breaths.
There's nothing wrong with equipping yourself with the knowledge of how to do CPR because it might happen, because someday you may be faced with a situation where this skill is needed to save the lives of others. In conditions where a person experiences respiratory and cardiac arrest, you can perform CPR until doctor or medical personnel arrives on the scene.